A report has found that the Democratic Republic of Congo is likely to suffer financial losses and continuing energy poverty if the Inga 3 Dam hydropower project advances.

About 9 million people in the DRC are expected to gain access to electricity thanks to this project, according to the World Bank.

But according to a recent study released by an advocacy group, International Rivers, “Inga 3 will likely plunge DRC deeper into debt, exporting needed power and delivering little, if any, to Congolese citizens while allowing international investors to reap the benefits.”

Old Inga. Photo credit/International Rivers

Old Inga. Photo credit/International Rivers

The author of the report, titled, “In Debt and In The Dark,” argues that ““claims about the benefits of Inga 3 are wildly overstated.” sTim Jones, British economist says “in fact, the dam would be a huge financial burden for the government and the Congolese people and provide little if any electricity.”

Development actors supporting the project such as the African Development Bank and the World Bank have based their support on assumptions that the project will provide the needed energy to the people of the DRC and improve the livelihood of millions while spurring economic growth.

But the report argues that from the outset, Inga 3 has been plagued by dangerously optimistic assumptions about the dam’s performance, including power output well above the world’s most efficient plants, zero cost overruns, and unrealistically low transmission losses.

Credit/International Rivers

Credit/International Rivers

Using empirical evidence from the performance of similar hydropower projects in Africa and globally, Jones tested proponents’ claims regarding Inga 3’s socioeconomic benefits. He then forecasted the dam’s potential performance across a range of scenarios.

His findings highlight the serious financial risks associated with the Inga 3 hydropower project, and should be deeply concerning to the DRC government, potential investors, and the Congolese people.

“The DRC is one of the most resource-rich countries in the world, but suffers from massive energy poverty,” says Freddy Kasongo of Observatoire d’Etudes et d’Appui à la Responsabilité Sociale et Environnementale (OEARSE).

Emmanuel Musuyu of Coalition des Organisations de la Société Civile pour le Suivi des Réformes et de l’Action Publique (CORAP), adds, “Unfortunately, this study shows that the Inga 3 Dam will further impoverish the DRC without delivering the energy that we need.”

The analysis shows that in the most likely scenarios, the DRC government will lose money on Inga 3. Even with fairly conservative estimates of cost overruns and generous assumptions of power generated, electricity prices, and low interest rates, DRC would stand to lose $618 million per year on the project, or nearly $22 billion over the project’s 35-year lifespan.

These financial losses could run as high as $1.5 billion to $2 billion per year under unfavorable conditions – up to $70 billion over the project’s lifespan – ballooning DRC’s debt levels and harming its long-term economic health.

“Not only will Inga 3 bring in no revenue, it will likely increase DRC’s debt burden,” says Rudo Sanyanga, International Rivers’ Africa Program Director. “And it won’t bring much-needed electricity access to the Congolese people. This would be a disastrous investment for the DRC.”

For full details of the release, click here.


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