Democratic Republic of Congo-based group, La Dynamique des Groupes des Peuples Autochtones, a network of 43 indigenous organizations, which seeks to reduce poverty and protect biodiversity has been named among the 21 winners of the 2015 Equator Prize.
The Equator Prize is a prestigious award that recognizes community-led environmental initiatives. The winners, selected from a pool of 1,461 nominations across 126 countries, also include four other African winners: Kayonza Growers Tea Factory from Uganda, Mtandao wa Jamii wa Usimamizi wa Misitu Tanzania (MJUMITA) from Tanzania, Union Soamitambatra from Madagascar, and Oromia Pastoralist Association both of Ethiopia and Kenya.
La Dynamique des Groupes des Peuples Autochtones has prevented the destruction of over 14 million hectares of forest. This indigenous alliance undertook a multi-year stakeholder consultation to draft a bill that was presented to the national legislature on protecting the rights of indigenous pygmies, leading to a historic march in Kinshasa to demand adoption of the law.
“These winners show what is possible when indigenous peoples and local communities are backed by rights to manage their lands, territories and natural resources,” said Helen Clark, Administrator of the UN Development Programme (UNDP), in a statement. “Forests and wildlife are protected, landscapes are managed to provide for food and water security, jobs are created and local people are empowered. The bottom line is that land rights for indigenous people are good for the climate, good for sustainable development.”
Summary Profile of Winners
Rural Green Environment Organization, Afghanistan – The organization works in one of Afghanistan’s poorest provinces and has banned illegal fishing and hunting, improved food security and restored degraded lands through food for work projects (6,150 jobs created), tree nurseries, forest guard patrols, terracing and the planting of fruit and nut trees (200,000 trees planted).
Maya Leaders Alliance, Belize – Focused on land rights, forest management and environmental conservation, the coalition of Maya organizations and leaders has secured land rights for 39 Q’eqchi and Mopan indigenous communities in southern Belize, marking the first indigenous peoples land rights victory in the Caribbean region.
Consejo Indíigena del Pueblo Tacana, Bolivia – In the heart of one of Bolivia’s most biodiverse areas, home to 50 endangered species, the Tacana indigenous group secured rights to more than 389,300 hectares of forest, which has resulted in four times less deforestation in the region and the development of sustainable industries in agroforestry, ecotourism, cacao production and caiman harvesting.
Instituto Raoni, Brazil – An organization founded by the Kayapó, the indigenous group which inspired the Hollywood blockbuster Avatar, this initiative has protected 2.5 million hectares of indigenous forests, with the help of an innovative media strategy called the “video warriors” project, which documents illegal logging in the remotest corners of the Amazon. The group also works to strengthen local food security and develop alternative livelihoods for more than 3,000 indigenous people in the Amazon.
Movimento Ipereg Ayu, Brazil – The 13,000-strong Amazonian indigenous Munduruku people launched a resistance movement—called Ipereg Ayu (“I am strong, I know how to protect myself”)—that blocked the development of a Tapajós River dam complex that would have submerged their territories (one million hectares of primary rainforest). The movement has secured land rights as a defense against illegal logging and mining and to create space for sustainable livelihoods.
Prey Lang Community Network, Cambodia – Through forest patrols, geo-referencing technology and grassroots movement building, this alliance of indigenous Kuy communities has protected a 500,000-hectare forest in the Cambodian lowlands – the country’s largest remaining primary lowland evergreen forest – from illegal logging and land grabs and improved the health and incomes of 200,000 forest-dependent people.
Yunnan Green Watershed Management Research and Promotion Center, China – Formed in response to a 1998 dam project that displaced the indigenous Yi peoples, the center has protected over 1,300 hectares of mountain forest, used agroforestry to increase incomes, banned illegal fishing nets (which saved the local fishing industry) and improved water access, all of which led to improved incomes, food security and resilience against droughts.
Wuasikamas, el modelo del Pueblo Inga en Aponte, Colombia – Caught in the cross-hairs of Colombia’s drug trade, the Inga indigenous group has recovered rights to their 22,283 hectares of ancestral territory and expelled the armed guerillas, paramilitaries and drug-traffickers that between 1986 and 2004 degraded the environment and stymied sustainable development. The community has set aside a 17,500-hectare sacred area and helped create with 8 other communities a court of indigenous justice.
Oromia Pastoralist Association, Ethiopia/Kenya – In response to climate-related resource conflicts, the Oromia Pastoralist Association is working on the Ethiopian and Kenyan border to mediate land disputes, facilitate the cross-border mobility of pastoralist tribes, and overcome existing barriers to climate change adaptation. The association has successfully pursued cross-border dialogue and resource sharing as a pathway to ending the cycles of violence and conflict that have plagued this region.
South Central Peoples Development Association, Guyana – The federation of Wapichan communities uses smart phones, GPS units and a community drone to detect deforestation and other environmental damage caused by illegal logging and mining in their territory as part of collective efforts to map, protect and win land titles to their traditional lands. The federation has facilitated more than 100 intercommunity agreements on the sustainable use of resources, the protection of wildlife and the conservation of forests.
Comité para la Defensa y Desarrollo de la Flora y Fauna del Golfo de Fonseca (CODDEFFAGOLF), Honduras – Operating in an impoverished coastal region of Honduras, the group has constructed artificial coral reefs as fish aggregation sites and used direct seeding to regenerate coastal mangrove forests. Fish populations have increased by 36 percent and 1,200 hectares of mangroves have been replanted, benefiting more than 7,000 families. The group has successfully campaigned for the established of nine protected areas and a 69,711-hectare Ramsar site.
Moskita Asla Takanka (MASTA), Honduras – The federation representing some 60,000 Miskitus has used social mobilization, skillful negotiation, creative communications campaigns and alliance building to protect indigenous territorial rights and culture and defend 1.2 million hectares of Miskitus territory from ranchers, drug traffickers and palm oil and petroleum companies. Deforestation rates have decreased and jobs have been created in forest management, small-scale fisheries and organic agriculture.
Forum Masyarakat Adat Dataran Tinggi Borneo, Indonesia/Malaysia – This trans-border indigenous peoples alliance brings together three indigenous groups on the island of Borneo, in an area that includes the island’s largest surviving intact forest and traditionally-farmed lands. The alliance champions land rights, cultural diversity and traditional farming practices, and has improved livelihoods through links with global NGOs like the Slow Food International.
Kelompok Peduli Lingkungan Belitung, Indonesia – This group on Belitung island off the eastern coast of Sumatra has restored coral reefs, mangroves, fishing zones, turtle populations and tropical forests devastated by tin mining and other industrial development and boosted the local economy through ecotourism and expeditions to view tarsius (a small primate with huge eyes). The group has created five island conservation areas, released 12,000 baby turtles over the past five years and planted 45,000 trees.
Komunitas Adat Muara Tae, Indonesia – To restore and protect their customary forests, 7,000 hectares of which have already been destroyed by palm oil, mining and oil companies, the Dayak indigenous group on the island of Kalimantan replanted more than 700 hectares of forests with traditional wood and fruit trees—under threat due to land clearing— and engages in map-making and advocacy in an effort to secure legal recognition of their 4,000 remaining hectares of forest.
Umbrella Group of Naghadeh NGOs, Iran – Working in the areas surrounding the world’s second largest hyper-saline lake (5,000 km2), the umbrella group addresses water management issues that include wetland restoration, adaptation to droughts, farm irrigation and sedimentation in canals. The partnership of 7 community NGOs has restored over 1,600 hectares of satellite wetlands where previous government initiatives failed, and in the process improved livelihoods, water security and ecosystem functioning.
Union Soamitambatra, Madagascar – A movement of 6,589 people across 10 communities, the union is using a local governance system to regenerate the Badika forest and its surrounding lakes. Together the group manages 14,910 hectares of forest and 65 hectares of lakes. The union is a beacon of strength, serving as the last barrier against an expanding tobacco industry that is the primary driver of land conversion and deforestation in the region.
Wanang Conservation Area, Papua New Guinea – This alliance of 10 indigenous, forest-dwelling clans protects 10,000 hectares of forests from commercial logging interests and operates a research station—one of the country’s largest—to study the response of some 280,000 trees to the changing climate. The alliance was created in response to commercial logging and a lack of public services and has made forest conservation the cornerstone of the local economy.
Mtandao wa Jamii wa Usimamizi wa Misitu Tanzania (MJUMITA), Tanzania – This network of community forest groups with members in 450 villages in 23 districts across the country has impacted more than 500,000 people through such activities as helping villages secure land rights to their forests, resolving land distributes and designing land-use plans for the equitable use of forest resources.
Kayonza Growers Tea Factory, Uganda – Operating adjacent to one of Uganda’s oldest rainforests, home to 50 percent of the world’s mountain gorillas, the for-profit community enterprise is 100 percent owned by its 7,205 smallholder tea farmers and has countered deforestation, soil degradation and water shortages through ecoagriculture, the introduction of new crops and landscape-level climate change adaptation strategies.